IVF or In Vitro Fertilisation is nothing but ‘Conception in a Lab’. It is the scientific method of getting a woman impregnated when some kind of obstacle to conception exists and was not overcome by the other assisted reproduction methods. It works by getting the egg fertilized with a sperm under tested laboratory conditions in a test tube. The egg of the biological mother and the sperm are fused to form the embryo which is then implanted into the uterus via a catheter through the cervix. In advanced facilities, even the extra embryos formed can be preserved for future cycles.
The most common problems, found in women, associated with the inability to conceive are blocked fallopian tube and hormonal imbalances. IVF treatment can be a solution to this condition because the whole process is about hormonally controlling the ovulatory process. In case of male infertility, whenever IUI or Intrauterine Insemination fails, IVF is required. IVF treatment might yield results for men with low sperm count or no sperm presence in the semen. IVF treatment complements ICSI in some cases, which is the process of direct injection of sperm into the egg. But, in this case, the possibility of fertilization is minuscule. Nevertheless, the chance of pregnancy is higher in the ICSI treatment than going without any treatment at all.
Procedure of IVF
The procedure involved depends on the kind of reproductive technology employed and whether donor sperms, eggs or embryos are involved. This may also be altered by another physical change of the body.
The process usually starts with the hyperstimulation of the ovary medication which can either be by the short protocol or the longer one. The latter deals with the use of fertility medications to induce the ovaries to develop multiple follicles. On the other hand, the longer protocol makes use of a GnRH to downregulate the pituitary-ovarian axis and after a week the ovary is hyperstimulated with FSH.
Once it reaches the desired state, egg retrieval would be scheduled. At the same time, semen would be retrieved. Fertilization would happen when the egg is placed in a special culture. The healthiest of the embryos is selected and is transferred to the uterus.
Srishti Hospital, with the able services of specialist doctors, is one of the best IVF treatment centers in Pondicherry. Srishti, as the very name suggests, is committed to ensuring that every couple gets the divine feeling of having a kid of their own.
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